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Poster E63

The Neural Correlates of Metamemory for Prospective Memory

Poster Session E - Monday, April 15, 2024, 2:30 – 4:30 pm EDT, Sheraton Hall ABC

Michaela Rice1 (, Deana Davalos1; 1Colorado State University

Prospective memory (PM) is the ability to plan and execute future intended goals. It is a critical cognitive process for various real-world tasks, including completing and submitting assignments, attending class and meetings, and balancing a social life. PM can be broken down to two components, which can be measured using electroencephalogram and event related potentials (EEG/ERPs): cue detection, assessed by the N300, and intention retrieval, assessed by the prospective positivity. Metacognition, specifically metamemory, also plays an important role in PM, as it reflects how an individual observes, directs, and regulates their own cognition and memory skills. Metamemory judgements may predict how somebody chooses to implement reminders or strategies to complete their future oriented goals. Previous behavioral research indicates that individuals tend to underestimate their PM capacity, and their judgements of how their memory abilities positively relate to their PM performance. Also, intention retrieval may be more sensitive to metamemory predictions than cue detection. The purpose of the current novel study is to examine the neural correlates of metamemory for PM in college students using EEG/ERPs. This methodology will determine if metamemory has a particular relationship with either component of PM. We hypothesized that metamemory scores would positively predict the prospective positivity amplitude and PM performance. With this information, researchers can characterize the role of metamemory in PM performance and advise college students on how to think about their own memory abilities, implement memory strategies, and carry out their intended goals.

Topic Area: LONG-TERM MEMORY: Other


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April 13–16  |  2024