Poster E79, Monday, March 26, 2:30-4:30 pm, Exhibit Hall C
Calibrating Atypical Timing in Clinical Populations Through Music
Lisa Hirt1, Lara Pantlin1; 1Colorado State University
Music in clinical practice has been shown to be a powerful tool in rehabilitation therapies and integrating behavioral and psychological activity. This relationship insinuates why individuals with psychopathology often associate themselves with music. Often, those suffering from psychopathology also have impaired internal timing functions and music offers a repetitive beat that can synchronize irregular neurophysiological and behavioral timing functions. Clinical populations seek music to calibrate themselves to our societal clock. Thus, the hypothesis was (1) healthy controls who have had musical training would have improved behavioral and social timing as compared to controls that have no musical training. (2) People with musical training who self-report symptoms of a clinical diagnoses will exhibit behavioral and social timing improvements, compared to those with a clinical diagnosis and no musical training. Participants (N = 58) were selected from a large university and were screened for psychopathology. All participants’ brain activity was recorded using EEG during a passive auditory timing task (mismatch negativity). Participants then completed two behavioral timing tasks. Data was analyzed using a two-way ANOVA. As expected, those endorsing psychopathology had worse neurophysiological timing compared to controls; however, if these individuals had some music experience, they demonstrated the highest accuracy on behavioral measures. Individuals with impairments in neurophysiological timing, which also supports existence of psychopathology, and play a musical instrument may be using the repetitive beat in music to compensate for their timing deficits. Future studies will examine neuroplastic capacity for timing in individuals who may have psychopathology.
Topic Area: METHODS: Electrophysiology