Poster A14, Saturday, March 24, 1:30–3:30 pm, Exhibit Hall C
Resting State Functional Connectivity Neural Correlates of Emotional Regulation Strategies
Yush Kukreja2, Lauren Goodes1, Jeffrey Rouse2, Jeremy Cohen1; 1Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, LA, USA, 2Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA
Emotional regulation involves differing cognitive strategies, namely cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. Cognitive reappraisal is an early cognitive reinterpretation of emotionally salient stimuli, and expressive suppression can be conceived as a late response inhibition of affective behavior. Our study investigated whether use of these distinct emotional regulation strategies is associated with unique resting-state functional connectivity patterns. 40 subjects were selected from the Nathan-Kline Institute Rockland Sample: 20 males and 20 females, with an average age of 29.7 (SD=4.61) and 30.9 (SD=6.30), respectively, who were administered the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ). The results of the ERQ were computed into sub-scores for cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, and used as covariates in resting-state functional connectivity analysis using SPM12 and CONN toolbox. After correction for multiple comparisons, cognitive reappraisal scores showed statistically significant positive correlations with functional connectivity between the left orbito-frontal cortex and multiple brain regions, including left and right precentral gyrus, left and right supplementary motor areas, and several cerebellar regions. Expressive suppression scores showed a statistically significant positive correlation with functional connectivity between left orbito-frontal cortex and left angular gyrus. These results offer preliminary insight into the differing neural substrates of these emotional regulation strategies. Given previous work suggesting an adaptive social and psychological advantage to the use of cognitive reappraisal strategy, future work will not only seek to replicate this finding in a larger sample but will also explore whether these particular functional connectivity patterns show overlap with measures of emotional health.
Topic Area: EMOTION & SOCIAL: Emotion-cognition interactions