Poster F129, Tuesday, March 27, 8:00-10:00 am, Exhibit Hall C
FEEDBACK PROCESSING AND RISK TAKING IN HIGH-ACHIEVING ADOLESCENTS
Kayla Talbot1, Taylor Valentin1, Max Lobel1, Danielle diFilipo1,2, Jill Grose-Fifer1,2; 1John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY, 2The Graduate Center, CUNY
Research suggests that heightened risk taking during adolescence is probably attributable to the interplay of an immature cognitive control network and a hyper-reactive socioemotional network. In order to investigate how adolescents and adults process feedback to help them learn associations, we recorded EEG from adolescents (13 to 17 years) and adults (25 to 35 years) while they completed a probabilistic learning task and were then tested on what they had learned. We replicated previous research showing larger feedback-related negativities (FRNs) to negative feedback than to positive feedback, and larger response-related negativities after erroneous responses (ERNs) than correct responses (CRNs). However, we found some highly surprising age-related differences. Adults in our sample engaged in more risky health behaviors than our adolescents, and showed less differentiation in their FRNs to positive and negative feedback than adolescents, suggesting that they might learn less effectively from feedback than the younger participants. We attribute these findings to the fact that our adolescents were probably not representative of typical adolescents in that most attended an extremely selective high school for high academic achievers.
Topic Area: THINKING: Development & aging