Poster B90, Sunday, March 25, 8:00-10:00 am, Exhibit Hall C
Group Drumming Communication Program, Effects on Cognitive and Motor Functions in Older Adults with Dementia at a Special Elderly Nursing Home
Atsuko Miyazaki1, Rui Nouchi2, Takashi Okuyama3, Hayato Mori1, Kazuhisa Sato4, Naoyuki Miyajima5, Masahiko Ichiki6, Shinichiro Nakamura1; 1RIKEN, Saitama, Japan., 2Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan., 3Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan (part-time lecturer)., 4Care 21 Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan., 5Social Welfare Corporation Tenyu, Saitama, Japan., 6Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.
The rhythm response function is maintained even in patients with severe dementia. Drum playing is an entertaining exercise where the beat of music has a stimulating effect on motor circuits at the neuronal functioning level. Because of its high correlation with cognitive function, rhythm response may help improve cognitive function in patients with dementia. Thus, our aim is to construct a new active group drumming program to prevent dementia to become more severe. In this study, we conducted Randomized Controlled Trial to assess the effect of “Drumming Communication Program” we developed for improving and preventing dementia at a special elderly nursing home. Forty-six participants were divided into two groups by random assignment based on their cognitive function scores. The intervention group, consisting of 22 people, took part in the program for 30 minutes three times a week for three months. They sat in a circle and played with the drum freely, as well as listened to others perform. The group which didn’t participate in the program consisted of 17 persons. The intervention group showed an improvement in their cognitive function score in the Mini-Mental State Examination and Frontal Assessment Battery. As for motor functions, significant differences were seen between the two groups for an Active Range of Motion, the intervention group showed improvement in their shoulder and wrist flexion. We propose a new rehabilitation program based on group drum playing to improve cognitive and motor functions, for patients with dementia and other debilitating diseases who have rhythm response capability.
Topic Area: PERCEPTION & ACTION: Development & aging