Poster B22, Sunday, March 26, 8:00 – 10:00 am, Pacific Concourse
Emotional Response Inhibition in Healthy Older and Younger Adults
Jill Waring1, Taylor Greif1, Manon Masson1, Kenzie Dye1, Michael Hase1; 1Saint Louis University
Cognitive control and inhibition typically decline with aging, yet control over responses to emotional information remains largely intact in later life. Poor inhibitory control over attention and responses to negative information may be one root of affective disorders like depression and anxiety. The goal of this study was to examine healthy older (OAs) and younger adults’ (YAs) emotional response inhibition, with relationship to anxiety and emotion regulation. Participants completed a Go/No-Go task of response inhibition to emotional (happy and fearful) and neutral facial expressions, standardized neurocognitive measures, and self-report measures of emotion regulation, anxiety, and depression. As hypothesized, OAs and YAs had more false alarms for happy versus fearful non-target (“no-go”) faces. We also observed that YAs with higher trait anxiety had a greater total number of false alarms, yet OAs did not show the same relationship. OAs reporting higher emotional reappraisal had fewer false alarms to fearful faces in particular. These results elucidate changes in emotional response inhibition across the lifespan, and provide insight into its relationship with emotion regulation and anxiety.
Topic Area: EMOTION & SOCIAL: Emotion-cognition interactions