Poster A10, Saturday, March 25, 5:00 – 7:00 pm, Pacific Concourse
Attentional blink to alcohol cues in binge drinkers versus non-binge drinkers
Francesco DePalma1, Natalie Ceballos1, Reiko Graham1; 1Texas State University
Previous studies have shown alcohol-related attentional biases in social drinkers, however, the temporal dynamics of these biases are not well understood. The current study examined this issue in 99 participants (30 male) categorized as binge drinkers (BD) or non-binge drinkers (NBD). Two versions of an alcohol-related attentional blink (AB) paradigm were used: one with words and one with images. It was predicted that BDs (versus NBDs) would exhibit reduced AB for alcohol cues, which would be enhanced for the pictorial version of the task (versus words). The relationships between AB and alcohol craving, quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption, symptoms of alcohol use disorder, and family history of alcohol use disorder were also examined. While an AB was observed for both alcohol and non-alcohol targets in the NBD group, no AB was found for alcohol targets in the BD group. Furthermore, the magnitude of the AB was related to drinking, such that higher self-reported hazardous drinking was associated with smaller ABs to alcohol-related targets. These results suggest that alcohol-related stimuli are processed more efficiently by BDs, especially those with hazardous alcohol consumption patterns. These results may help to inform treatment and prevention efforts targeting binge drinkers.
Topic Area: ATTENTION: Other