Poster A133, Saturday, March 25, 5:00 – 7:00 pm, Pacific Concourse
Primary Learning and Secondary Learning are reciprocally woven to develop human intelligence
Rose Ru-Whui Lee1,2, Daisy Lan Hung3, Ovid Jyh-Lang Tzeng1,2,4; 1National Taiwan Normal University, 2Academia Sinica, 3Taipei Medical University, 4National Chiao Tung University
A bioecological model of human intelligence (Bronfenbrenner & Ceci, 1994; Bronfenbrenner and Morris, 2007) is proposed from the perspective of the evolutionary theory, which emphasizes the interplay between the biological system of human information processing and the increasing complexity of environmental pressure. The model conceptualizes the evolution of human intelligence as a result of spiral escalation based on two important learning mechanisms, namely, the primary learning mechanism and the secondary learning mechanism. Furthermore, intelligence, as the vehicle for solving problems based on various cognitive abilities, is suggested as a coordinated outcome of both the primary and the secondary mechanisms, such as a transactional model of cognitive development (Tucker-Drob et al., 2013). Here, we reviewed the evidences of the neurobiological bases for the two types of learning mechanism and proposed five steps of advancing human intelligence, namely, imitation, borrowing and recycling, vast storage and fast retrieval of information (executive functions), transformation and deep learning, and connections (from thing-to-thing to knowledge-to-knowledge). The bioecological conceptualization of evolving human intelligence we proposed are in line with that the human cognitive ability functions as a natural information-processing system (Sweller and Sweller, 2006) and the level of fluid intelligence is associated with effective brain neural network connectivity (Finn et al., 2015). In the present study, an example of the development of writing system in Chinese is presented to illustrate the bioecological model of the evolution of civilization as results of the interplay between the two learning mechanisms and the environmental pressure for vast communication.
Topic Area: OTHER