Poster A30, Saturday, March 25, 5:00 – 7:00 pm, Pacific Concourse
Neuropsychological Correlates of Self-Kindness on Late Adolescence: Increased Cognitive Flexibility and Emotional Regulation.
Nayara Mota1, Elenilda Chaves1, Marina Antunes1, Vanessa Daudt1, Rudi Borges1; 1University of the State of Rio de Janeiro
Self-kindness involves care and non-judgmental understanding towards oneself in response to situations of inadequacy/suffering. As it implies positive response upon situations that trigger negative emotion, it is hypothesized that kindness is a self-regulatory process, that requires cognitive flexibility and emotional regulation, both dependent on the medial frontal cortical and subcortical activation, still under development during late adolescence. Forty six healthy students (18 - 21 years-old) from the University of the State of Rio de Janeiro attended a clinical interview and a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment, which included the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST) and the Stroop (measures of cognitive flexibility), as well as the Emotional Regulation Task. Partial correlations (2-tailed) were performed, controlling for social desirability (Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale). Higher self-kindness increased the possibility of higher adaptive choices according to the circumstances (WCST % Conceptual Level Responses, r = .352, p = .021; WCST% Errors, r= -.329, p = .031), and was not related to the inhibition of the response to predominant but irrelevant information (STROOP Interference Score, r = -.203, p = .198). When exposed to emotionally negative images, although participants who reported more self-kindness didn't present differentiated levels of negative emotional activation, r = -.294 p = .115, they were more prone to effectively diminish it deliberately r=-.412, p=.024. Self-kindness on late adolescence might increase proneness to goals achievement, through a favorable interaction with the environmental unforeseen or unpleasant circumstances, and might be considered as a potential protective factor against the neurocognitive manifestation of neuropathologic processes.
Topic Area: EMOTION & SOCIAL: Self perception