Poster C24, Sunday, March 26, 5:00 – 7:00 pm, Pacific Concourse
Relative Preservation of Emotion Recognition Abilities in Women Compared to Men with Parkinson’s Disease
Colleen Frank1, Emily Flandermeyer2, Tara Lineweaver2; 1University of Michigan, 2Butler University
Successful emotion recognition is necessary for healthy relationships. Although Parkinson’s disease (PD) is primarily characterized by decreases in motor movements, it can also be associated with deficits in emotion recognition through both auditory and visual modalities. Because past research has also documented that gender plays a role in emotion recognition, PD could differentially affect men and women. The goal of this study was to document the magnitude and specificity of emotion recognition impairments that accompany PD and to determine whether gender plays a role in these deficits. This study examined the abilities of men and women with PD to recognize specific emotions through emotional facial expressions and emotional prosody compared to healthy controls. This study included 28 PD patients (14 men, 14 women) and 40 (20 men, 20 women) age-matched healthy control participants. The PD group displayed deficits on both the emotional facial expression recognition task and the emotional prosody recognition task. In addition, women outperformed men on both tasks. Diagnosis interacted with gender to affect prosody recognition, and to a lesser extent facial expression recognition. Specifically, men with PD showed much stronger impairments in their ability to recognize angry, fearful, and surprised tones of voice than women with PD and struggled to recognize disgusted facial expressions. These results may be used to create specialized interventions for PD patients to help them maintain healthy, social interactions.
Topic Area: EMOTION & SOCIAL: Emotion-cognition interactions