Poster D132, Monday, March 27, 8:00 – 10:00 am, Pacific Concourse
Understanding the Unique NeuroCognitive Architectures of Individuals: A Resting State Functional Connectivity Analysis (rsFC) of the Multiple intelligences
Branton Shearer1; 1MI Research and Consulting
The concept of intelligence has been controversial since the introduction of IQ tests in the 1900s. Recently many neuroscientists have investigated the neural bases for either general intelligence or fluid – crystallized intelligences. Numerous alternatives to unitary intelligence have achieved limited acceptance by psychologists and educators. Multiple intelligences (MI) theory (Gardner, H. (1983/1999) Frames of Mind, Basic Books: NY) despite criticism that it lacks empirical validity, has had sustained interest by educators worldwide. MI theory was one of the first to be based on neuroscience evidence, however, this evidence has not been evaluated and advanced since 1983. This multi-part investigation began with a detailed review of core cognitive components for the eight multiple intelligences as well as general intelligence. Phase 1 determined that there is robust evidence that each intelligence possesses neural coherence comparable with general intelligence. Building on that evidence, this Phase 2 study reviewed 50 resting-state functionally connected (rsFC) studies. Seven to fifteen identified neural networks were found to be clearly aligned with each of the multiple intelligences and general intelligence. Naturalist was not included. The neural networks identified are well matched with the evidence from task-based research obtained during Phase 1. As a third test of the neurological validity of MI theory Phase 3 compares Group Abilities levels: Skilled, Typical and Impaired. This investigation provides evidence that MI theory is deeply rooted in neuroscience evidence and can serve as a practical interface to advance educational cognitive neuroscience. Clinical and educational implications from resting-state neural experiments are discussed.
Topic Area: THINKING: Other